Abstracts Nr 1, 2021
Rodoljub Etinski, Productive Role of Object and Purpose in Interpretation of the European Convention on Human Rights
Abstract: A few concepts, which are important for the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights, have originated from the object and purpose of the European Convention on Human Rights or from object and/or purpose of its articles. Object and purpose have two main interpretative functions: the control over rightfulness of interpretation and substituting missing written text by unwritten, implied content. The second function does not mean improper inflating the text, but filling textual holes which are unavoidable in a legislative treaty.
Keywords: object and purpose, interpretation, human rights
Emil Moise, The consent of the child, a legal instrument used to reduce the sentence of rapists. A discriminatory practice included in some anti-constitutional legal provisions
Abstract: The article analyzes the practice of Romanian courts and public prosecutors, and how criminal and civil law is applied, in order to establish to what extent children are protected against sexual abuse. The New Criminal Code defines the crime of „sexual act with a minor” with explicit reference to children younger than 14, while judges are required by legal provisions to consider the consent of the child who is the victim of sexual abuse. But taking into consideration the consent of a child under 14, while the New Criminal Code accepts that offenders of the same age lack competence, creates a discriminatory situation. The superior interest of the child requires the removal of this discriminatory treatment. The author suggests the Council for Combating Discrimination should be notified, the parties involved in a court case involving a sexual act against a minor should appeal to the Constitutional Court, or the Ombudsperson should be notified regarding the discriminatory character of the provisions on „sexual acts with a minor”. Another solution would be to copy other countries, like Great Britain and France, and incriminate the sexual act with a minor as rape.
Keywords: sexual acts with a minor, rape, sexual abuse, discrimination, competence, judges, New Criminal Code